Phonics is the way we teach children to read and write. It helps children hear, identify and use different sounds that distinguish one word from another in the English language.

Phonics involves matching the sounds of spoken English with individual letters or groups of letters. For example, the sound ‘k’ can be spelled as c,k,ck or ch.  Teaching children to blend the sounds together, helps them to decode unfamiliar and unknown words.

Phonetically decodable books are matched carefully to the sounds that the children have learned, giving them confidence to apply their phonics knowledge and read stories independently from an early age.

We know that writing down ideas fluently depends on effective transcription – spelling quickly and accurately through knowing the relationship between sounds and letters. We teach phonics through a range of strategies to suit our children’s individual needs. All children in EYFS and KS1 have a daily Letters and Sounds lesson. Children progress to statutory spelling patterns in KS2 once their phonic knowledge is secure.